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Can Blockchain Help Close the Gender Pay Gap?

Cryptocurrency has emerged as the second most popular asset class among women.
Givepact staff
April 15, 2024

The gender pay gap persists globally, with the United States trailing behind many nations in achieving pay equality. According to the World Economic Forum, achieving full parity may take centuries at current rates of progress. In the U.S., disparities are stark, particularly for women of color: white women earn on average 83% of men's median weekly earnings, while Black women earn 70% and Latina women earn 64%. However, amid these challenges, emerging technologies offer new solutions. Blockchain, with its decentralized and transparent nature, holds potential in reducing gender pay disparities. Notably, cryptocurrency has recently emerged as the second most popular asset class among women, closely following cash. A survey from eToro found that in the fourth quarter of 2022, 34% of women were crypto owners, marking a significant increase from the previous quarter's 29%. What's more, women's ownership growth outpaced that of men, rising to 43% from 42%, signaling a notable trend toward financial empowerment and inclusion.

In specific regions such as Vietnam, 12 million female cryptocurrency owners represent 24% of the female population, highlighting a significant trend towards economic empowerment. The country also has the most balanced gender ratio among crypto owners, with 53% being men and 47% women. The Philippines follows closely, with 9.6% representing over 5.5 million female cryptocurrency owners. Additionally, nearly 10% of women in India own cryptocurrency. India ranks third in population percentage, but leads globally in sheer numbers, with 63 million women owning crypto. 

2023 Women in Crypto report produced by

Given these trends, it's crucial to explore how blockchain fundamentals can be leveraged to diminish pay inequality among genders.

1. Blockchain offers transparency and accountability

One of the primary reasons for the persistence of the gender pay gap is the lack of transparency in salary negotiations and compensation structures. Blockchain technology, known for its transparent and immutable ledger, can revolutionize how salaries are determined and distributed. By recording salary data on a blockchain, companies can ensure transparency in pay scales and eliminate gender bias in compensation decisions. Employees can have access to real-time information about their salaries and compare them with industry standards, empowering them to negotiate fair wages.

2. Smart Contracts Can Facilitate Fair Compensation

Smart contracts, built on platforms like Ethereum, are self-executing contracts with the terms of the agreement directly written into code, and can play a pivotal role in ensuring fair compensation. Through smart contracts deployed on blockchain networks, companies can automate salary adjustments based on predetermined criteria such as performance, experience, and job responsibilities. This eliminates human biases and ensures that individuals are rewarded based on merit rather than gender. Moreover, smart contracts can facilitate the implementation of pay equity policies by enforcing equal pay for equal work principles.

3. Decentralized Job Marketplaces

Traditional job marketplaces often perpetuate gender pay disparities by undervaluing women's contributions and limiting their access to high-paying roles. Blockchain-powered decentralized job platforms can disrupt this status quo by providing a level playing field for all candidates. These platforms leverage blockchain's decentralized architecture to match job seekers with opportunities based on skills and qualifications rather than gender or other biases. By eliminating intermediaries and gatekeepers, decentralized job marketplaces empower women to compete for and secure positions that offer equitable compensation.

4. Collective Bargaining and Advocacy

Blockchain can facilitate collective bargaining and advocacy efforts aimed at closing the gender pay gap. Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) powered by blockchain enable individuals to pool resources and negotiate collectively for better wages and working conditions. Also, blockchain-based voting systems ensure transparent decision-making and accountability within labor unions and advocacy groups. By leveraging blockchain technology, people can amplify their voices and advocate for policies that promote pay equity and gender equality in the workplace.

Driving Gender Equity in Web 3

By actively engaging women in the development and decision-making processes of blockchain technology, we can harness their unique perspectives, insights, and expertise to create a more inclusive and equitable ecosystem. Initiatives like Bitcoin Dada, Black Women Blockchain Counsel, and Women in Crypto are leading the charge towards gender equity in the blockchain space, demonstrating the transformative potential of diversity in driving innovation and fostering economic empowerment.

Blockchain technology presents novel opportunities to enhance pay transparency and foster decentralized decision-making, offering a pathway towards a more equitable future for women worldwide. However, it's imperative to prioritize diverse representation in the development and decision-making realms of Web 3 to fully realize its transformative potential in bridging the gender pay gap.

Uplifting Companies Bringing Gender Equity to Web 3

  • Bitcoin Dada — Offer Bitcoin education and community initiatives for women in Africa.
  • Black Women Block Chain Counsel  — Training and supporting Black women and youth to pursue careers in blockchain. 
  • Blu3Dao — A community of women and allies championing equity in emerging tech and blockchain
  • BoysClub — Originally designed to create community for women and non-binary people interested in Web 3. 
  • Crypto Conexion — Provides Blockchain news and education for Latin America with a commitment to gender equity. 
  • Kamoribi Collective — Web 3 fund for women and non-binary founders. 
  • SheFi — Empowers professional women to reinvent their careers in Web 3 through education and community building. 
  • Women in Blockchain — Offers education, career development, and community initiatives for women and non binary people interested in Web 3. 
  • Women in Crypto — A platform for women and allies interested in learning about Web 3. 
  • World of Women — A community based around a collection of 10,000 NFTs representing diverse women from around the world.